Oral Examination

The first exam will include a comprehensive, thorough examination of the teeth, mouth, and surrounding structures. A series of radiographs, or x-rays, will be taken to allow for detection of decay, abscesses, and other conditions. The results of this exam serve as the starting point for a discussion of the oral condition and any dental treatment that would be recommended to achieve "optimum dental health". Examinations will also be conducted periodically by the dentist, usually in conjunction with a cleaning. These periodic examinations allow the dentist the opportunity to stop dental disease in its earliest stages.

Hygiene (Cleaning)

A dental cleaning, or prophylaxis, is performed by a registered dental hygienist. During this visit your teeth will be cleaned and your tissues monitored for signs of gingivitis or periodontal disease. Radiographs, or x-rays, may be updated and topical fluoride may be applied. The hygienist will review proper oral home care to maximize dental health. These visits occur periodically and the time between visits is determined by the oral health and habits of each patient.

Restorations (Fillings)

If a tooth has been diagnosed with decay (a cavity), a restoration commonly called a filling may be recommended. Decay is a disease caused by bacteria that can lead to discoloration, fracture, or pain. Fillings replace missing tooth structure lost due to decay or trauma. Fillings can also be used to improve the appearance of chipped teeth, open spaces, and discolored teeth. back to top


Veneers are largely cosmetic restorations that are used to improve the appearance of the teeth and smile. They are thin layers of material that are either bonded or cemented to the teeth. Veneers are commonly placed on several teeth at one time and can have a dramatic effect on a person's smile! back to top

Tooth Whitening

Tooth Whitening is a process that can brighten the enamel, or outer layer, of the teeth. It is a reversible process and does not cause any damage to the teeth. Over the counter products are available virtually everywhere and vary in their application methods and recommended protocols. Custom trays and prescription products are available at a dentist's office. Results may vary but people often see improvement in the shade of their teeth. back to top

Dental Implants

Dental implants are restorations that can replace missing teeth, stabilize removable dentures, and provide anchorage for tooth movement. A dental implant consists of an artificial root that is placed in the bone and the portion that appears in the mouth as a tooth. Implants are fixed in place and do not require removal by the patient. Implants have changed the lives of many denture wearers, drastically improving the look and function of loose dentures. back to top

Crowns and Bridges

A crown or bridge may be recommended to restore a tooth or teeth back to original shape, function, or appearance. In addition, a bridge may also replace one or more missing teeth. These restorations are cemented in place and do not require removal by the patient. back to top

Root Canal

A root canal, or endodontic therapy, is a procedure that may be recommended in the case of large decay, pain, or abscess. A root canal is often the only procedure that can save severely damaged teeth. The procedure involves removal of the nerve tissue and cleaning and sealing the resulting space. The root canal filling is then sealed off with a large restoration. Frequently a crown is placed on teeth that have had root canals to prevent fracture and loss of the tooth. back to top

Full and Partial Dentures

Dentures are prosthetics that are fabricated to replace all missing teeth in either the top or bottom with one piece. Full dentures are indicated in patients who have no remaining teeth and can be stabilized with dental implants. Partial dentures are indicated for patients who are missing some but not all teeth. Both types of appliances are intended to be removed by the patient for cleaning and while sleeping. back to top


An extraction is the removal of a tooth. This procedure may be indicated for a variety of reasons and is recommended when the tooth cannot be saved by other means. In addition, teeth are occasionally extracted because they are non-functional, supra-erupted (grown out too far), poorly positioned, or due to spacing complications. A common example of extraction due to poor positioning and/or space complication is third molars, known as wisdom teeth. back to top


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